Bezelik thousand Buddha Caves located on the cliffs of Mortuk Valley, under the Flaming mountain, about 45 km east of Turpan city. There were 83 caves originally, now 56 remained. Bezeklik is a Uyghur word meaning “the beautiful decorated place”, It is a complex of Buddhist cave grottoes and was an important center for Buddhist worship, inhabited by Buddhist monks dating from the 5th to 14th century. During the famous Gaochang kingdom, the Buddhsim flourished and became the official religion of the kingdom. The construction of the caves funded by the kingdom. By seven centuries of natural and human destruction, most of them badly damaged. Normally six or seven of them open to tourists. Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves was officially became cultural spot under State protection. In 1982, it was identified as the national key cultural relic protection unit.