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Bizeklik Thousand Buddha Caves




 

Bezeklik Caves, also known as the Bizeklik Thousand-Buddha Caves, Bezeklik is a Uyghur word meaning “the beautiful decorated place”, it is located 45 kilometers east of Turpan city, in a gorgeous Mutou valley of the Flaming Mountains, between the cities of Turpan and Shanshan (Loulan) at the north-east of the Taklamakan Desert, it is a complex of Buddhist cave grottoes and was an important center for Buddhist worship, inhabited by Buddhist monks dating from the 5th to 14th century. Meanwhile, it is the famous ruins of the temple of Manichaeism. In 1961, Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves was officially became cultural spot under State protection. In 1982, it was identified as the national key cultural relic protection unit.