Kashgar located to the southwest of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. The Taklimakan Desert is on its east, Karakoram Mountain is on its south, the Pamir plateau is on its west and it is next to five countries, namely Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and India. The city's historical importance originates from the fact that it was a pivotal city along the Silk Road in ancient times. There were three paths of the silk road in Xinjiang area, and Kashgar is the place where the two middle and south branches met in ancient times. Trade and other commercial activities were largely conducted in Kashgar, as caravans from the West and other parts of the world stopped to exchange and buy goods. Furthermore, the city was a gateway for travelers and merchants to Persia and India, as well as other ancient empires. Now Kashgar prefecture has a population of 4 million, and more than 80percant is Uyghur people.