Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is at the heart of the Eurasian Continent, situated in the northwest part of China. It has an area of 1.66 million square kilometers which is about one sixth of the total area of China. Xinjiang Borders with 8 countries, namely Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India: Domestically Xinjiang borders the Tibet Autonomous Region, Qinghai Province and Gansu Province. The entire region of Xinjiang features “two basins flanked by three mountains”. The three mountains refer to the Altay in the north, the Tianshan in the center, and towards the south, Kunlun and karakorum mountain ranges. The “two basins” are the Junggar Basin in the north, and the Tarim Basin in the south. The Tarim Basin in mainly composed of the largest desert in China, the Taklamakan Desert, with an area of 330,000 square kilometers and surrounded by luxurious oasis nurtured by the melting snow from the nearby mountains. Xinjiang is located in the middle of Asia, a vital gateway of the Silk Road, which connect China with the Southern Asia, Western Asia as well as Europe. In the past 2000 years, through the international trading passage – The Silk Road, the products and techniques from China, such as Silk fabric, powder, medical materials, paper making and compass etc., spread into the western world. At the same time, glass, Medical materials, wool fabrics, vegetables, melon and fruits, as well as the three world big religions came to China from the West and Central Asia.